The Government of Japan presented the document “Fundamental Policy on Economics and Fiscal Management and Reform 2018 (Original Proposal)” showing the way of thinking about fiscal management in the future.
Although an effort is made to pay attention for labor shortage, as a countermeasure against that, it was clearly stated that foreign nationals will have a new status of residence in the future.
Experts expresse this change as “The wall of Berlin has collapsed”.
In the material storage space of Yokosuka city in Kanagawa prefecture, Jen and Nam, who came from Vietnam, did manual labor based on the instructions of their Japanese colleagues.
The Japanese government has steered the foreign nationals, who are an important work force in construction sites in Japan ; the Japanese government steered the expansion of acceptance.
At the “Economic and Fiscal Advisory Council” held on June 5, 2018, the Japanese government showed the basic policy of economic fiscal management and reform, the draft of the so-called “political strategy”.
In this place the Prime Minister touched on the following contents first.
“It is necessary to quickly establish a mechanism to accept a wide range of foreign talent, what will become an immediate struggle. I will clearly state the creation of a new status of residence. ”
Foreign nationals, who had previously been permitted to stay for work purposes, were only 18 professionals with high specialty such as doctors and lawyers.
The government is expanding this to occupations which are regarded as simple labor and we intend to include five fields of agriculture, construction, nursing care, lodging and shipbuilding.
Regarding the five fields to be expanded, there are tests on skills and Japanese language, and conditions of stay of up to 5 years are attached, but we are expecting that more than 500,000 people will be accepted by 2025.
Mr. Jen, a Vietnamese who works at a construction company in Yokosuka, came to Japan using the technical internship program about two years ago.
This practical training system is a system that aims to convey Japanese technology to overseas.
Jen ‘s house is a room prepared by the company.
Jen: “Hitoheyani futaride sundeimasu ( Two people live in one room)”, “Nihongowa madamadadesu ( Japanese is not good yet).”
Mr. Jen said he was engaged in work related to jewelry in Vietnam.
It is wise to learn the job and the level of Japanese is high, so now it seems to be an important force of this company. (Show the text of “Japanese Summary N3”)
Mr. Jen: Because I want to earn a lot of money for the future, I came to Japan, I would like to work in Japan longer.
In the original plan of “Bone Diversity Policy”, if you acquire a new status of residence in addition to the technical internship program, you can also stay for a total of 10 years.
Nam, who works at the same construction company, came to Japan last November.
He seems to be a teacher of art college in Vietnam.
Nam: I came to Japan to quit my job in Vietnam and earn money.
Nam ‘s troubles are the family he has left behind in his country.
Mr. Nam said “This is my daughter. (While showing a picture of his daughter on mobile) In Vietnam I have left my wife and a 7 year old daughter.”
Nam: “Shigoto owattara Heya … Denwa … Kazoku (When I finish my work … to room … Telephone … Family).”
As this draft is different from immigration policy, when acquiring a new status of residence, it is clearly stated that “accompanying the family is not basically accepted”.
However, if higher expertise such as passing a certain examination was confirmed, we decided not to set an upper limit on the period of stay and to consider measures such as accept family members coming
Mr. Menju (Executive Director, Japan International Exchange Center, experts) evaluates that this policy is a step towards immigration policy.
Expert: “I think that it is a change that the wall of Berlin collapsed. It accepts on-site workers and leaves the possibility of their settlement.
Behind the government’s policy change is serious human labor shortage in modern Japan.
The president of a construction company, where Jen and Nam are applyting for a job, like this.
President of a construction company: “Japanese staff did not join us suddenly for about 10 years ago ・ ・ ・ Such situation has occurred.”
It is estimated that the Japan’s labor force population will decrease by more than 26 million people in the next 50 years ; furthermore experts point out that competition against Korea etc. is occurring over foreign workers.
Expert: “In the case of South Korea, the policy of accepting foreign nationals as a national system, revitalizing it, and developing the country is clear. Therefore, if you do not make a system that make it attractive for foreigners to work in Japan, they will lose more to other countries.”
Furthermore in Japan, demonstrations by foreign workers seeking to improve the working environment, such as unfair dismissal and payment of wages, are taking place.
A lawyer, who is familiar with the human rights issue of foreign workers said : “As companions who live and work together in Japan, we need a social structure on the Japanese side as how to live with them ; we also need Japanese preparedness. Let’s add labor power because we want power ; on the other side, we do not need to be a burden for Japan. It is not impossible to do this.
While some experts evaluate that this policy is a step towards immigration policy, I would like the Japanese Government to establish a secure and effective policy as soon as possible against “labor shortage” that stands as a problem in front of us.
For foreigners who want to work in Japan, it can be a big chance, so it seems that to master the Japanese language becomes more and more important.