ひらがな (hiragana) is phonetic symbol, each representing one syllable.
Learn the Japanese syllabaries as the first step for reading and writing.
* “Hiragana” and “katakana” are very similar, so when you remember it is recommended to remember “Hiragana” and “Katakana” at the same time.
清音（せいおん）A clear sound (Basic characters)
濁音・半濁音（だくおん・はんだくおん）Voiced sound and semi-voiced sound